Quincy Agreement Saudi Arabia
The immediate benefit of the meeting for both sides was an agreement that the US would provide military assistance to Saudi Arabia in exchange for safe access to oil. Beginning on February 14, President Roosevelt and King Abdul Aziz of Saudi Arabia, known in the West as Ibn Saud, met aboard the Quincy. During the meeting, President Roosevelt tried to persuade Ibn Saud to support Jewish immigration to Palestine and hoped that Ibn Saud could give constructive advice on the Palestinian issue. There, Roosevelt and Saud struck a secret deal in which the U.S. would provide military security to Saudi Arabia — military support, training, and a military base in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia — in exchange for secure access to oil supplies.     The content of this meeting in Quincy was dominated by a disagreement over the future of Palestine: FDR advocated for a Jewish state, and Ibn Saud protested that the Jews would obtain their state in Bavaria. But the substance was secondary to the good atmosphere of the session. The president gave up his usual cigarette and cocktail to honor the king`s Islamic sentiments. They exchanged gifts and left very impressed with each other. The two men spoke of a variety of political issues, particularly the plan to find a new home for European Jews in Palestine (Abdul Aziz vehemently opposed this). They eventually reached an agreement focused on U.S. support and military training for Saudi Arabia, then a young country surrounded by stronger nations in exchange for oil and political support in the region. “I, as head of the executive branch of this administration, would not take any action that might prove hostile to the Arab people,” Roosevelt later wrote in a follow-up letter to the Saudi king.
In fact, Saudi Arabia – cut off from the trade and revenues of the annual Hajjj by a war it did not provoke itself, and with its embryonic oil industry that has not yet changed the nation`s destiny – had already turned to the United States for help. As early as October 1943, an agreement had been signed under which 5.167 million ounces of silver from the U.S. Treasury Department were to be lent to the kingdom`s government, “enough for the currency of 15,000,000 riyals needed to meet Saudi Arabia`s monetary needs for the remainder of 1943.” Quincy sailed to Portland, England, on 21 June and joined TF 129. She left Portland on June 24 for Cherbourg, France. The bombardment of the batteries surrounding the city began in conjunction with the army`s attack around 1207. Nineteen of the twenty-one main targets assigned to the task force were successfully neutralized or destroyed, allowing army troops to occupy the city on June 26. The king was firm in his response. “Jews should return to live in the countries from which they were expelled,” he said.
Roosevelt replied that few Holocaust survivors wanted to live in Germany. As Eddy explained for the benefit of his Western readers, “The Arab is by nature a fatalist and accepts what comes as evidence and as a gift from Allah, whose gifts are all equally miraculous, undeserved and unexplained. The Arab gets off a camel and gets on a plane without any particular excitement, although he has skipped all the stages of the horse, chariot and automobile. The king didn`t really sleep in the commodore`s cabin. “Growing up and growing up in the desert, four walls gave him claustrophobia,” Eddy recalls. Instead, “the canvas was spread out on the foredeck to turn it into a tent; Oriental carpets covered the bridge; one of his own chairs, large enough for him to sit, had been brought on board, and the king sat on the deck and held his majlis all day as usual. After the meeting, Roosevelt returned to Washington, D.C., where he lived just long enough to deliver a final speech to Congress. He said, “I learned more (about Palestine and the Middle East) by talking to Ibn Saud for five minutes than I could have learned in exchange for two or three dozen letters.” On the 16th. In February 1945, Roosevelt wrote to Eddy to tell him that his meeting with the king was “an exceptional success” and a “very interesting and stimulating experience.” The meeting between Roosevelt and Ibn Saud was unprecedented, but had been triggered in the United States more than a year earlier by a visit to the United States by two of the king`s sons, both future leaders of their country. During the voyage, the Arabs and sailors fraternized “without words with a success and kindness that was truly incredible. The sailors showed the Arabs how they did their job and even allowed the Arabs to help them; in return, the Arabs allowed sailors to examine their robes and daggers and demonstrate through gestures how they are made and for what purposes.
McCarthy remembers his arrival before Jeddah at 10:30 a.m. .m .m. February and his first impression of the city as “a flat and dusty collection of small muddy buildings sitting huddled on the sandy plain under the mountains”. On the far right, “resembling a mirage, was one of the king`s palaces,” while on the left, “a collection of huge oil storage tanks testified to the presence of Western industry.” “By the late 1930s, two American oil companies in partnership, Chevron and Texaco, had discovered huge amounts of oil in the eastern part of the kingdom,” Montgomery says. “Subsequent geological analyses showed that all of the world`s oil production and supply would soon shift to the Persian Gulf, particularly to Saudi Arabia.” But the words have already faded on the page. Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945. He was replaced by Vice President Harry S. Truman, who was to remain president until 1953 and whose sympathies, marked by domestic political sensitivities, were clearly with the Jews. With strong relationships based on security coordination, military sales and support, and financial cooperation, the partnership between our countries has survived periods of prosperity and challenges, leading to a promising future in terms of economy and profitability as Saudi Arabia moves towards economic and social transformation over the next decade. Unconvinced, the king said, “Let the enemy and the oppressor pay; this is how we Arabs wage war. Reparations should be made by the criminal, not by the innocent bystander.
What damage did the Arabs do to the Jews of Europe? It was the Christian Germans who stole their homes and their lives. Let the Germans pay. The king proposed the Rhineland as an appropriate target to survive Judaism. “According to reports by Roosevelt and his translator, FDR was adamant to come back to the subject, but to no avail,” he said. “The king`s position was firm: the Germans were to be forced to give up territories for this purpose. They were the aggressors and had committed the crimes and oppressions against the Jews. According to Eddy, after the formalities were cleared, the king “immediately asked the president if he should accept Churchill`s invitation to see him later — an invitation that he thought might cause the president`s discontent.” Instead, Roosevelt said, “Why not? I still like it, sir. Churchill and I`m sure you`ll love him too. He had gone to the meeting “to look for friends and not funds, although at that time he had no reason to expect Arab oil to be produced in large quantities to multiply his national income, but on the contrary ruled in 1945 over a pastoral country that could not produce enough to feed its population. and a country cut off from importing the necessities of life by war. It shouldn`t be..