List Of Self Government Agreements
The budget agreements detail the ongoing funding relationship between the indigenous government, Canada and, where appropriate, provincial or territorial governments. The Agreement provides financial resources that support the operations of the Aboriginal government to provide ongoing programs and services to its members. These tax treaties generally last for 5 years. The Government of Canada is committed to renewing fiscal relations with Aboriginal peoples on the basis of respect, cooperation and partnership. Canada is working with self-governing Aboriginal governments to develop fiscal approaches to support self-management. These jointly developed budgetary approaches are Canada`s collaborative self-management policy. This policy: Aboriginal peoples practiced their own forms of government for thousands of years before the arrival of European and other settlers in today`s Canada. These forms of government reflected the economic, social and geographic diversity of indigenous peoples, as well as their cultural practices and spiritual convictions. If they have not negotiated self-management, most First Nations are currently governed by the Indian Act. They elect chiefs and councils to make decisions on their behalf and adopt statutes in a limited number of areas. In the 1980s and 1990s, special commissions recommended comprehensive, if not drastic, action in Canada to recognize and implement self-government, and the issue was addressed during the process of the patriarchy of the Canadian Constitution. The Nisga`a Lisims government, for example, has four branches: countries and resources, fishing and wildlife, finance, programs and services, including family services and justice.
Another model is the Cree of Northern Quebec. Since the passage of the Cree-Naskapi (Quebec) Act in 1984, nine Cree municipalities have not been subject to the Indian Act or the band system. Instead, they are represented by the Grand Council of Crees (Eeyou Istchee) or CCGEI and governed by the closely linked Cree Regional Authority. In 2012, THE CCGEI signed an agreement with the province of Quebec, which would eliminate municipalities in the region and merge with the Cree Regional Authority into a new regional government called Eeyou Istchee James Bay Territory. Starting in 2014[update], CCGEI is in discussions with the federal government on a cree nation governance agreement to refine the new structure`s relationship with federal authorities.  Check out this map (PDF version: 739 kb, 1 page) to learn more about the self-management agreements signed to date in Canada and browse the Aboriginal information system and contractual rights to learn more about each agreement, including the full text of the agreement and summary information. Use the name of the indigenous group, the name of the contract or another term as a “keyword” password, then click on the title Contracts and Agreements above the search area to find the corresponding records.