Farc Peace Agreement 2016
The guarantees of non-repetition would be the result of the implementation of the various mechanisms and measures of the general system, the measures agreed under the “end of the conflict” and all the other points of the final agreement (rural reform, political participation, illicit drugs). These guarantees are part of a broader common commitment to respect for human rights, the promotion of the rights of all Colombians, coexistence, tolerance and political free participation. The UN Security Council highlighted the important role played by third countries during the peace process in Colombia in its resolution A/RES/2261. According to Juan Manuel Santos, the peace process would not have been fruitful without the support of the international community.  The Colombian Congress approved the new peace agreement between the government and the Marxist rebel group FARC. Guillermo Legaria/AFP/Getty Images hide caption The announcement was internationally known. U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry hailed the agreement in exuberantly, even posting on the Twitter account of FARC chief negotiator Ivén Marquez. Fatou Bensouda, prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, “expressed optimism that the agreement excluded the granting of an amnesty for war crimes and crimes against humanity and aimed, among other things, at ending immunity for the most serious crimes.”  However, Human Rights Watch criticized the agreement and said it would prevent those responsible for the worst abuses from spending even one day in prison, a view shared in Colombia by Alvaro Uribe. In Colombia, the announcement was greeted with cautious optimism. An Ipsos poll in October showed that optimism in the peace process has increased from 29% to 46% since July, although the majority of respondents continue to doubt the FARC`s commitment to peace and oppose their political participation.
 He asked them to approve or reject the peace agreement in a referendum on 2 October. “We are reborn to us to usave a new era of reconciliation and peace-building,” he said. The revised agreement was submitted for congressional approval and was not put to a referendum. Differences between the government and the FARC over the mechanism for ratifying a final agreement continued. In November, the government backed a bill by Senator Roy Barreras (U.S. Party) to organize a referendum on a final agreement. In Havana, the FARC reacted negatively to the idea of the referendum and insisted on a constituent assembly.  With the support of the majority of the Government Congress, the bill governing the referendum was passed by Congress in December 2015.
Under the law governing the referendum, approval requires 13% of registered voters for the profit option, a unique exception to the existing referendum law (Law 1757 of 2015), which has a 50% turnout quorum. The reduction of the quorum and the shift from a referral threshold to a decision threshold were debated.